Zika Virus Infection (Zika) is Spreading in Multiple Countries
March 1, 2016
To date, there have been no reports of Zika being spread by mosquitoes in the continental United States. However, cases have been reported in travelers to the United States.
With the recent outbreaks in the Americas, the number of Zika cases among travelers visiting or returning to the United States will likely increase.
CDC is not able to predict how much Zika virus would spread in the continental United States. Many areas in the United States have the type of mosquitoes that can become infected with and spread Zika virus. However, recent chikungunya and dengue outbreaks in the continental United States suggest that Zika outbreaks in the continental United States may be relatively small and limited to a small area.
Zika and Pregnancy
Zika virus can pass from a mother to the fetus during pregnancy. Pregnant women who have recently traveled to an area with Zika should talk to a healthcare provider about their travel even if they don’t feel sick.
The best way to prevent Zika infection is to strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites.
Women who are pregnant should consider postponing travel to any area where Zika is spreading.
A woman who is planning or thinking about getting pregnant and has recently traveled to an area where Zika is spreading should talk to her healthcare provider after returning. She should also talk to her healthcare provider if her male sex partner recently traveled to an area with Zika.
- Use EPA-registered insect repellents on your skin. When used as directed, these insect repellents are proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breast-feeding women.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants
- Stay in places with air conditioning or that use window and door screens.
The following steps can reduce the symptoms of Zika:
- Get plenty of rest.
- Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
- Take medicine like acetaminophen to reduce fever and pain.
- Do not take aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.
To learn more, please visit CDC’s Zika virus page.
Table of Contents
- Video: Zika Virus 101
- Online Resources
- Resources for Healthcare Providers
- Social Media Partner Resources
- Stay Connected
- Contact Us
- Zika Key Messages: Updated information on transmission, symptoms, travel, etc.
- What We Know and What We Don’t Know: Information on CDC’s knowledge on Zika
- Pregnant and Living in an Area with Zika: Knowledge and recommendations for pregnant women in an affected area
- Pregnant? Read This Before you Travel: Information for women traveling while pregnant
- Zika Travel Notices: Travel notices for countries where Zika is spreading
- Mosquito Bite Prevention for Travelers: How to protect yourself against mosquitoes
- Spanish-language Zika fact sheets and posters
Resources for Healthcare Providers
· Advising Pregnant Women About Zika (video and article) · 10 Questions about Zika: The CDC Answers